The United Arab Emirates (UAE; Arabic: الإمارات العربية المتحدة al-ʾImārāt al-ʿArabīyyah al-Muttaḥidah), sometimes simply called the Emirates (Arabic: الإمارات al-ʾImārāt), is a country in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south and west, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The sovereign constitutional monarchy is federation of seven emirates consisting of Abu Dhabi (which serves as the capital), Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. Their boundaries are complex, with numerous enclaves within the various emirates.Each emirate is governed by a ruler; together, they jointly form the Federal Supreme Council. One of the rulers serves as the President of the United Arab Emirates. In 2013, the UAE’s population was 9.2 million, of which 1.4 million are Emirati citizens and 7.8 million are expatriates Dubai established in 1954 by the Crown Prince of Dubai, Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum.
In 2001, the municipality embarked on an e-government project to provide 40 of its city services online through its web portal. Dubai (Arabic: بلدية دبي) is the municipal body with jurisdiction over city services and the upkeep of facilities in the Emirate of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It comes under the Government of Dubai. Abu Dhabi, (US: /ˈɑːbuː ˈdɑːbi/, UK: /ˈæbuː/; Arabic: أَبُو ظَبِي Abū Ẓabī Arabic pronunciation: [ɐˈbuˈðˤɑbi]) is the capital and the second-most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (after Dubai). It is also the capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, which is the largest of the UAE’s seven emirates. The city of Abu Dhabi is located on an island in the Persian Gulf, off the Central West coast.
Most of the city and the Emirate reside on the mainland connected to the rest of the country. As of 2019, Abu Dhabi’s urban area had an estimated population of 1.45 million, out of 2.9 million in the emirate of Abu Dhabi, as of 2016. Abu Dhabi houses local and federal government offices and is the home of the United Arab Emirates Government and the Supreme Petroleum Council. The city is home to the President of the UAE, who is a member of the Al Nahyan family.
Abu Dhabi’s rapid development and urbanization, coupled with the massive oil and gas reserves and production and relatively high average income, have transformed it into a large, developed metropolis. It is the country’s center of politics and industry, and a major culture and commerce center. Abu Dhabi accounts for about two-thirds of the roughly $400 billion UAE economy.